A cough can be defined as chronic if it persists for longer than eight weeks. In many cases, other symptoms are present, too, such as nasal congestion or fatigue.
In this guide, we’ll explain 6 reasons why you may have a lingering cough. Our experts also provide tips for soothing your cough and addressing potential underlying issues.
A Chronic Cough?
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) categorizes coughs into two main types. According to TCM Physician Vong U Chan, the first type is caused by external pathogens. They are acute and usually happen for a short duration.
The second type is caused by internal functional imbalances. Those coughs last longer, develop gradually and can turn into chronic coughs.
These are the four types of coughs in TCM:
The Lung-Yin Deficiency cough
This is characterized by a short dry cough, sometimes accompanied by scanty and sticky white phlegm.
The Liver-Fire chronic cough
A person with Liver-Fire cough produces a high-pitched cough that occurs in bursts, feels pain in the chest and rib area, and produces sticky yellow phlegm that is difficult to expectorate.
This is a continuous cough with a heavy turbid sound that produces great quantities of white, watery, or foamy phlegm. It is aggravated by sweet, fried, and oily food. If you have this type of cough, you will usually complain of indigestion, a feeling of fullness in the chest, poor appetite, fatigue, and loose stools.
A Phlegm-Heat cough
What Causes A Chronic Cough?
Most chronic coughs are caused by the following:
This happens when your nose or sinuses produce extra mucus. The mucus drips down the back of your throat, triggering your cough reflex. It is also known as upper airway cough syndrome (UACS).
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
This is when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus that connects your stomach and throat, causing irritation and leading to chronic coughing. The coughing worsens GERD and it becomes a vicious cycle.
A common cause of chronic cough in adults is pertussis, or whooping cough. It can also occur with fungal infections of the lungs, tuberculosis (TB) infection, or lung infection with nontuberculous mycobacterial organisms.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
COPD affects those who are smokers or who used to smoke. It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs and includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Blood pressure drugs
How To Prevent A Chronic Cough
In TCM, the Lungs occupy the uppermost position among the five organs. It is delicate in character and is connected to the external environment, meaning it is most susceptible to attack by external pathogens.
To prevent a chronic cough, you should always protect yourself from external pathogens to prevent an acute cough from developing into a chronic one.
Tips For Treating A Chronic Cough
Some strategies that can be implemented to manage a chronic cough include the following:
- Stop smoking
- Avoid triggers that cause the chronic coughing
- Stop using an ACE inhibitor and switch to an alternative anti-hypertensive
TCM recommends a combination of herbs depending on the type of cough.
- Lung-Yin Deficiency cough: Sha Shen Mai Dong Tang and Lily Gujin soup to reduce dry throat, cough, and mouth
- Liver Fire cough
: Dai Ge powder and Drain the White Powder (Xie Bai San)can be used to reduce a high-pitched cough that occurs in bursts, pain in the chest and rib area, and sticky yellow phlegm
- Wind-Heat Cough: Mild Hot Cough powder to reduce persistent cough with thick yellow phlegm accompanied by sore throat, stuffy nose, fever, headache, and cold chills
- Wind-Cold cough: Mild Cold Cough powder to reduce constant coughing and white clear phlegm accompanied by a stuffy nose with clear mucus
- Phlegm-Dampness cough: Er Chen Tang, San Zi Yang Qin Tang, and
to reduce a deep heavy cough with a large amount of clear watery, or white sticky phlegm, poor appetite, and chest tightness Hou Ning Powder
- Phlegm-Heat coughs: Qing Jin Hua Tan Tang and Hot Cough Powder to reduce a violent cough accompanied by a flushed complexion, red lips, and extreme thirst
Seek Treatment For Your Chronic Cough
Because there are many COVID-19 patients who are recovering from a cough as a symptom, it is highly recommended that you seek treatment from a doctor or licensed TCM practitioner to identify the root issue of your chronic cough and be prescribed the correct medication.
How do you manage your chronic cough? Let us know in the comments below.
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The detailed description of each type of cough makes it easier for someone to know the type he/she is suffering from.
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