Reviewed by Dr Jessica Gunawan
5 Facts About Panax Ginseng You Need to Know
Published | 4 min read
There’s a difference between panax ginseng and panax notoginseng. The former protects against cancer and diabetes, while the latter helps prevent cerebrovascular disease.
Ancient literature of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) states that panax ginseng tastes sweet and has a slightly warm temperature. It also reinforces
Learn why panax ginseng is highly prized by advocates of the system of medicine.
Is Panax Ginseng Similar to Panax Notoginseng?
Panax notoginseng (san qi,
Notoginseng also has more saponins, essential oils, and polyacetylenes, and protects against cerebrovascular disease. Cerebrovascular disease describes a group of conditions that affect blood vessels and impair blood flow in the brain.
On the contrary, panax ginseng has
American ginseng (xi yang shen, 西洋参), meanwhile, is found to have therapeutic potential against inflammatory diseases. It helps regulate blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes-related complications, inhibits tumour growth, and lowers the frequency of flu and colds.
Panax Ginseng Boosts Cognitive Function in People with Neurological Disorders
Cognitive impairment is especially common among people diagnosed with neurological disorders (such as Alzheimer’s disease). It can see them struggling to remember, make decisions, concentrate, or learn new things.
Pre-clinical studies show that the active components of ginseng – ginsenosides, gintonin, and compound K – may help address cognitive disorders. For example, these components demonstrate anti-neuroinflammatory properties, and fight oxidative stress. It also modulates cholinergic signalling, which is important for essential cognitive functions.
Panax Ginseng Promotes Proper Digestion
The Spleen plays a central role in ensuring proper blood and qi circulation throughout the body. Ginseng can be used to treat digestive disorders, thus, helping to nourish the organ system and invigorate the body.
One of the most notable tonics for the Spleen is Si Jun Zi Tang (四君子汤). It comprises four main ingredients, such as ginseng, Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (bai zhu, 白术), poria (fu ling, 茯苓), and Chinese liquorice root (gan cao, 甘草).
Panax Ginseng May Help Prevent Cancer
Different studies have found that ginseng use was associated with a lower incidence of cancer, especially among men. In addition, the ingredient was found to decrease the risk of breast-cancer specific mortality in women, and all-cause mortality in men.
Panax Ginseng May Contribute to Increased Productivity
Gui Pi Tang (归脾汤) and Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan (天王補心丹) are popular formulas for boosting vitality, increasing concentration, and calming the mind.
Similarly, Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan combines ginseng and Rehmannia root (shu di huang, 熟地黄) to calm the Spirit (shen), nourish fluids, tonify the Heart, and rejuvenate the mind. It’s particularly beneficial for alleviating the following:
- Short-term loss of concentration
- Palpitations coupled with a restless mind
A herbal soup mix that contains ginseng and various other ingredients may help nourish your blood and is useful for shortness of breath and preventing a cold.
It comes as no surprise that panax ginseng is one of the most valuable medicinal plants and is known as “The King of Herbs”. While it may support your well-being, you should seek consultation from a TCM physician to determine if the
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This is an adaptation of an article, “
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- National Library of Medicine. 2014. PURLs: Finally, a way to relieve cancer-related fatigue. [online] [Accessed 3 January 2023]
- National Library of Medicine. 2018. Active ginseng components in cognitive impairment: Therapeutic potential and prospects for delivery and clinical study. [online] [Accessed 3 January 2023]
- Smithsonian Institution. 2020. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ginseng Is King of Tonic Herbs. [online] [Accessed 3 January 2023]
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