Hangover Cure: How to Avoid and Remedy the Symptoms of Excessive Drinking

What makes a perfect hangover cure? No exact treatment for hangovers has been found yet, but some natural remedies might help relieve the symptoms.

A woman sitting up in bed with a haggard appearance while holding a glass of water

Malaysians might be in need of a hangover cure more than you’d think. According to the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2019 by the Institute for Public Health, 45.8% of alcohol consumers in Malaysia engage in binge drinking. The number is almost double that of other countries, like the United Kingdom (27%) and Indonesia (29%).

The survey claims that more than half of the Malaysian drinkers do it excessively. This means that a lot, if not all of them, might wake up in the morning with hangovers after a night of drinking.

Simple browsing on the internet would give you varying results on the remedies to cure hangover symptoms, but which one is the best? We delve deeper into the origin of alcohol hangovers from the perspectives of Western medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). We will try getting to know more about hangovers to learn how to cure or even avoid them altogether.

The Cause of Hangovers 

Hangovers are a series of side effects that a person gets from alcohol consumption. The actual cause of hangovers is still up to debate. Even scientists are still unsure why alcohol hangovers exist in the first place. There are some theories, but so far, the most compelling one involves ethanol and/or a chemical called acetaldehyde. 

It is said that when a person drinks, the ethanol (a type of alcohol in the alcohol you drink) travels to the liver, where it’s metabolized by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The process creates a toxic by-product, which is acetaldehyde. Either ethanol or acetaldehyde is believed to be responsible for triggering hangover symptoms. 

Studies suggest that the quicker ethanol gets conversed into acetaldehyde, the less severe the hangover is. 

From TCM’s point of view, excessive intake of alcohol results in an accumulation of dampness and heat in the body. This disrupts the flow of ‘qi‘ (vital energy) and blood circulation, as well as the functions of different organs in the body, causing hangover symptoms.

Symptoms of Hangovers

The side view of a female employee holding her head in frustration while sitting in front of her computer at work
Without a hangover cure, you might be suffering during the day.

Typically, people with hangovers will experience: 

  1. Drowsiness and dizziness
  2. Concentration problems
  3. Dry mouth and excessive thirst
  4. Gastrointestinal problems (nausea, vomiting)
  5. Sweating
  6. Rapid heartbeat
  7. Anxiety
  8. Hyperexcitability
  9. Sensitivity to light, sound and motion
  10. Muscle aches and headaches
  11. Fatigue
  12. Memory loss

The intensity of the symptoms that appear depends on the drinker. For example, women tend to experience hangovers more than men because they generally weigh less.

And you’ve probably heard of the term “Asian flush”. The condition is more than a mere myth, as it has been scientifically proven. A study conducted on Japanese workers discovered that participants with the mutated gene aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2*2) have worse hangovers. This mutation also causes many Asian descents to flush when drinking too much. 

Some alcohol beverages are known to stimulate worse symptoms because they contain more congeners, the chemicals that may worsen the toxic effects of ethanol. Although, scientists have yet to connect a specific one with causing a hangover.

In general, alcoholic drinks which are darker in colour have higher congener levels than alcoholic drinks that are lighter in colour.

For instance, bourbon, whiskey, red wine, brandy and tequila may give you a more severe impact than gin and vodka.

Hangover Cure

There are some ways to prevent getting a hangover: 

  1. Eat before drinking, don’t do it on an empty stomach.
  2. Take your time. Drink water between drinks to help the body absorb alcohol faster.
  3. Don’t overdo it.
  4. Drink a glass of water before sleeping. Keep it close to you so you can take a sip whenever you feel like it.

If you still wake up with hangover symptoms, the only proven cure is ibuprofen or aspirin to reduce headaches, muscle pain, etc. The use of paracetamol is not advised.

Two women eating lunch while chatting and drinking red wine together
Eating before drinking alcohol can save you from the need for a hangover cure the next morning.

TCM offers a cure that focuses on clearing the alcohol-induced excess heat from the body. Each hangover has a different impact on a different person, but TCM physicians commonly recommend the following remedies: 

1. Mung bean (green bean) & liquorice root (gancao)

The two herbs are known to get rid of heat and toxins. Furthermore, mung bean promotes urination. They can be cooked together or consumed individually. Liquorice root, for instance, is available as tea. 

2. Vinegar drinks

Vinegar drinks may help a person get sober quicker and neutralize the alcohol in the body. 

3. Fruits & vegetables

TCM thinks some fruits and vegetables can help remove the toxin from the alcohol. They are: 

  • Dried orange skin 
  • Fresh olive 
  • Dark plum 
  • Hot green tea 
  • Watermelon 
  • Pear 
  • Celery
  • Sugarcane 

Just like there’s still no exact science behind alcohol hangover, there’s no definite remedy to treat the symptoms. Every hangover cure should work differently on each person, and you might need several tries before you find the right one for you. Better yet, you can prevent hangovers by knowing your limit and not drinking alcohol more than you can take.

This is an adaptation of an article, “Chase Away Hangover Blues With TCM”, which first appeared on the Eu Yan Sang website.

References

  1. Code Blue. 2020. Malaysians Binge Drink More Than British? Survey Claims  [Accessed 10 February 2022]
  2. Johns Hopkins Medicine. 2009. Hangover Headache [Accessed 10 February 2022]
  3. Smithsonian Magazine. 2013. Your Complete Guide to the Science of Hangovers [Accessed 10 February 2022]
  4. National Health Service. 2018. Hangover Cures [Accessed 10 February 2022]
  5. Scientific American. 2014. In Search of a Cure for the Dreaded Hangover [Accessed 10 February 2022]
  6. National Center for Biotechnology Information. 2020. The Role of Alcohol Metabolism in the Pathology of Alcohol Hangover [Accessed 10 February 2022]

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